Phu Quoc National Park

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The Phu Quoc National Park (Vườn quốc gia Phú Quốc) is located on Phu Quoc Island, the largest island in Phu Quoc District which is part of Kiên Giang Province, Vietnam.  The park was established in 1993 and covers over 50% of the northern section of Phu Quoc Island, including both terrestrial and marine sections.  The Phu Quoc National Park is one of Vietnam’s national treasures and a biologically sensitive area which has been recognized by UNESCO. 

explore phu quoc national park


Phu Quoc National Park Overview

The Phu Quoc National Park is considered the crown jewel of Phu Quoc. It is home to a variety of wildlife, plants, ecosystems, as well as a sizable human population. Over 50% of Phu Quoc Island (574 square kilometers) is classified as a National Park. The total area of the Phu Quoc National Park is approximately 31,422 hectares — 8,603 hectares is a restricted zone, 22,603 hectares is a biological restoration area, 20,000 hectares is a sea buffer zone, 6,144 hectares is a land buffer zone, and 33 hectares is for administrative purposes. Also 60 kilometers of the islands coastline is also classified as a National Park as well.

phu quoc national park

Phu Quoc National Park Location

The boundaries of the National Park lie mostly within Ganh Dau Village, Bai Thom Village, Cua Duong Village, Cua Can Village, and Ham Ninh Village, as observed in the map below:

phu quoc national park map

Zones

Majority of the National Park is accessible except for two core protected zones:

  1. The Chao Mountain Zone I, which lies in between Rach Tram Village and Thom Village; and
  2. The Chua Mountain Zone II located in Cua Duong communes south of Thom Village and north of Ham Ninh Village.

Chao Mountain Zone I

chao mountain phu quoc national park

Chua Mountain Zone II

chua mountin zone

Bai Thom National Park View Point

The most dense area of the National Park can be observed along the Bai Thom – Duong Dong Highway. There is a also small trail next to this road that tourists can explore:

phu quoc national park


Phu Quoc National Park Access

Rach Tram Village Access Point

By navigating your way to Rach Tram Village you can observe the coastal area of the National Park.  Rach Tram Village is a great place to view the Mangrove ecosystem and the Ham Rong Mountain:

phu quoc national park at rach vem

On The Way To Rach Tram Village

The route that takes you to Rach Tram Village also provides access to the National Park:

national park access on phu quoc

Ham Ninh Access Point

The eastern road from Ham Ninh Village to Bai Thom also provides various access points to the edge of the Phu Quoc National Park:

ham ninh phu quoc national park

Rach Vem Village Access Point

By trekking along the Rach Vem coastline you will find yourself in the National Park as well:

rach vem phu quoc national pak

Ganh Dau

You can observe the north west coastal area of the National Park from Ganh Dau Village:

ganh dau phu quoc national park


Phu Quoc National Park Videos:

The following video tours the core section of the Phu Quoc National park along the Bai Thom – Duong Dong Highway via a motorbike

A view of the National Park from Rach Tram River:




Biodiversity

Phu Quoc National Park is rich with a variety of plant life. There are 1,164 Species of plants representing 137 Families and 66 Orders. Identified ecosystems of the National Park are:

1. Mangrove Forests

mangrove forest phu quoc national park

2. Melaleuca Woodlands

melalecua woodlands phu quoc national park

3. Palm Bushland

palm bushland phu quoc national park

4. Coastal Dry Forests

coastal dry forest phu quoc national park

5. Open Dipterocarp Forests

open dipterocarp forest phu quoc national park

6. Imperata Grassland

hon mot island phu quoc vegetation

7. Secondary Forests

secondary forest phu quoc national park

8. Primary Dipterocarp Forests

Primary Dipterocarp Forests

There are also over 1,100 vascular plants that have been identified including 23 orchid species and 12 other rare plant species.

Wildlife

The variety of ecosystems found in the Phu Quoc National Park are home to a large number of animals.  Over 200 vertebrates have been recorded including 28 mammals, 119 birds, 47 reptiles and 14 amphibians. Of these, 6 mammals, 4 birds and 9 reptiles are globally endangered (Source: Wildlife At Risk, 2006).

The overall biodiversity numbers are as follows:

  • Mammals: 28 Species | 14 Families | 6 Orders
  • Birds: 119 Species | 41 Families | 16 Orders
  • Reptile & Amphibians: 61 Species | 20 Families | 4 Orders

Animals that can be found in the park include: silvered langur, hornbill, sea eagle, woodpeckers, brown hawk owl, slow loris, civet cat, wild pig, crab-eating macaque, python, stump-tailed macaque, small-clawed otter, giant flying fox bat, fruit bats, and more.

Where To See Wildlife In Phu Quoc

As most of the National Park forest trails are not developed and/or off limits, majority of the wildlife you will encounter will be either next to a paved road (Bai Thom Highway) or next to a variety of smaller red dirt roads that look like the following:

phu quoc national park wildlife spotting

The following are some of the places we have seen wildlife.

1) On the Bai Thom – Duong Dong Highway near Bai Thom Village

The Bai Thom – Duong Dong Highway is the best place to view wildlife on the island.

Some of the animals you may spot here are:

  • Mammals:Stumped tail macaque, Long tailed macaque, silver langur, giant squirrel, and others.
  • Birds: Hornbill, Swallow, kingfisher, Magpie-robin, etc
  • Reptiles & Amphibians: Snake, Python, and a variety of lizards

2) On K7 Road between Rach Tram Beach & Thom Village

K7 Road is one of the roads that takes you to Rach Tram Village and cuts through a section of the National Park.  Wildlife can be spotted next to the road that cuts through Ham Rong Mountain.  There are also a lot of smaller trails in the area that you can discover either via motorbike or by foot

ham rong mountain wildlife

Some of the animals you may spot here are:

  • Mammals: Eurasian wild pig (Heo rung), Long tailed macaque (Khi duoi dai),  Yellow-Throated Marten (Chồn), Phu Quoc Red squirrel (Soc do Phuquoc), Northern Treeshrew (Doi), and others.
  • Birds: Goose, Swallow, Teal, Great hornbill, Egret, Pelican, Magpie-robin.
  • Reptiles: Snake, Monitor lizards (crossing the street), Turtle (Near Rach Tram River), Gecko.
  • Amphibians: Toad (Coc), Frog (Ech), Tree-frog (Nhai).

If you go to Rach Tram Village, the Rach Tram River is teeming with mangrove specific wildlife such as otters, snakes, river turtles, etc.  For 400,000VND a local fisherman will take you down the river. 


rach tram phu quoc national park
rach tram phu quoc national park

3) Ham Ninh Mountain Range

At a side road near Ham Ninh Village and at the foot of the Ham Ninh Mountain Range lies a great spot to observe wildlife.  Wildlife here is harder to spot, however, if you come here before sunrise you may see macaques and silver langurs if you are lucky.  The road here is not named and the terrain is a quite rough and can be difficult to navigate during the wet season.

ham ninh wildlife

Some of the animals you may spot here include:

  • Mammals: Slow loris (Cu li lon) – can be viewed in the evenings, Pygmy loris (Cu li nho), Long tailed macaque (Khi duoi dai), Indochinese silvered langur (Vo ọc bac), Phu Quoc Red squirrel (Soc do Phu quoc), Eurasian wild pig (Heorung), Yellow-Throat ed Marten (Zhồn), Sambar (Nai), Northern Treeshrew (Doi), etc.
  • Birds: Brown Hawk Owl (Cú), Spotted-necked Dove (cu), hummingbird (Sau), Forest Wagtail (Chia voi), Woodpecker (Go kien), Lesser Coucal (Bim bip), Red Jungle-Fowl (ga rung).
  • Reptiles: Varan (ky da), Snake (ran), Tortoise (Rua), Gecko (Tac ke), etc.
  • Amphibians: Toad (Coc), Frog (Ech), Tree-frog (Nhai), etc.

4) Near The Ganh Dau Trail via Suoi Cai Road

The red dirt road from Ganh Dau to Thom Village known as Suoi Cai Road is a great place for bird watching.

phu quoc forest trail road

5) Quoc Phong Road

Quong Phong Road is a hot-spot for wildlife spotting and you have the best chance of viewing larger mammals here than anywhere else.  This road cuts deep into the Phu Quoc National Park core zone.  Unfortunately this road has become a restricted area as of 2017.

quoc phong road

phu quoc national park road
phu quoc national park road

Some of the animals you may spot here are:

  • Mammals: Eurasian wild pig (Heo rung), Sambar (Nai), Flying Fox Bat (just before sunset), Long tailed macaque (Khi
    duoi dai), Otter (Close to Rach Tram River), Yellow-Throated Marten (Chồn), Phu Quoc Red squirrel (Soc do Phu Quoc), Northern Treeshrew (Doi), and others.
  • Birds: Goose, Swallow, Teal, Great hornbill, Egret, Pelican, Magpie-robin, etc.
  • Reptiles: Snake, Python, Crocodile (not likely but have there is one in captivity at Rach Tram Village), Turtle (Near Rach Tram River), Gecko.
  • Amphibians: Toad (Coc), Frog (Ech), Tree-frog (Nhai).

How to get to the Phu Quoc National Park

It is pretty easy to get to Phu Quoc National Park since over 50% of the island is considered a “National Park”, you just have to head north or east. The most scenic areas are by Thom Village and Ham Ninh Village.

Summary
Phu Quoc National Park Overview
Article Name
Phu Quoc National Park Overview
Description
An overview of the Phu Quoc National Park on Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam.
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