Phu Quoc Key Facts and Statistics
“Phu Quoc” is a 28 island district located in Vietnam that is transforming into Asia’s top tier vacation destination. The following section contains Phu Quoc’s key facts, statistics, and figures with hard data and reference sources. The information below has been updated on February 18, 2017. For Phu Quoc’s first infographic, please click here.
Phu Quoc Island Key Facts and Statistics
In collaboration with the local, national, and international governments as well as a variety of NGO’s, the following information represents the only source of credible facts figures and statistical information available today about Phu Quoc. All data has been cross referenced and credited accordingly. This data may be used for research, educational, commercial, and non commercial purposes.
- Phu Quoc is 1 of 12 districts located in Kien Giang Province which is situated in the Mekong Delta in the south western tip of Vietnam. The provincial capital of Kien Giang Province is Rach Gia and the major main town is Ha Tien. Kien Giang Province has 200 kilometer’s of coastline and 105 islands/islets.
Source: Vietnam government.
- Located in the Gulf of Thailand, Phu Quoc District has a total of 28 islands equaling 593 square kilometers. The district consists of Phu Quoc Island (6 islands), the An Thoi Archipelago (15 islands), and Tho Chua (7 islands).
- Phu Quoc is globally situated at 10°01’-10°27’ north latitude and 103°51’-104°50’ east longitude. In fact, the island is actually closer to Cambodia (Kampuchea) than Vietnam. It is just 18kms from the Cambodian Province of Kampot, which can clearly be seen most days from Ganh Dau Beach in the north of the island.
- The administrative capital and largest town of Phu Quoc District is Duong Dong which is located on Phu Quoc Island.
- Phu Quoc Island has a total area of 574 square kilometers and it is Vietnam’s largest island. Phu Quoc Island is the epicenter of all tourist related activities in Phu Quoc District.
Source: PhuQuocIslandGuide.com (2017) and various Subject Matter Experts.
- Phu Quoc is part of the Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve designated as part of UNESCO’s MAB program in 2006. The Reserve covers 1,118,105 ha of Kien Giang Province, with 36,935 ha as core, 172,578 ha as buffer to the core, and 978,591 ha transition area. The reserve seeks to foster conservation of the tropical rain forests, limestone and karst forests, swamps, Melaleuca forests, mangroves, sea-grass, coral reefs, coastal wetlands, and seasonal flooded grassland.The People’s Committees of Kien Giang Province administer the reserve.
- Population: 112,000 people in Phu Quoc District (2017).
- Demographics: Ethnicity’s include Kinh, Khmer, Hoa. Among them, the Kinh people account for 96.3% of the population, ethnic Chinese and Khmer 2.4% is 1.3% of the total population.
- Phu Quoc now has Vietnam’s fifth largest airport, having risen four places since a new airport opened in late 2012. Source: Center of Aviation
- The poverty rate as of 2017 is 1.2%. Source: Doan Van Tien, vice chairman of the Phu Quoc People’s Committee.
- In 2016, Phu Quoc’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita hit US$5,469, representing a three-fold increase against 2010.
- According to Doan Van Tien, vice chairman of the Phu Quoc People’s Committee, the district posted economic growth of 32.36 per cent in 2016.
- In 2015, Phu Quoc welcomed more than 873,600 visitors, of whom over 151,700 were foreigners and earned over 3.1 trillion VND (US$139.5 million) from the tourism sector, up 6.8 fold compared to 2010.
- Phu Quoc’s economy is based on fishing, agriculture, and tourism. The island is about 48 km long and 28 km at the widest part in the North. Mountains (99 Peaks) run the length of the island, with Chua Mountain being the highest (603 m).
- Phu Quoc is connected to the national electricity grid by an 55.8km undersea 110kV cable system. This cable is the longest cable in Southeast Asia and runs from Hat Tien to Phu Quoc Island. Source: Southern Power Corporation.
- In 2013, Phu Quoc fish sauce (nuoc mam) became Vietnam’s first product to qualify for the European Union’s Protected Designation of Origin status, which is conferred on products whose entire production takes place in a specific area, place, or country and whose quality or properties are significantly or exclusively determined by the geographical environment, including natural and human factors. Source: Ministry of Industry and Trade of the socialist republic of Vietnam
Phu Quoc Climate
- The climate at Phu Quoc is equatorial, hot and damp with distinct dry and wet seasons. The dry season occurs from November to March while the wet season is from April to October. Mean annual temperature is 27 C with the hottest month in April (29C) and coolest in January (25.6C), with an average humidity of 82%, although temperature and humidity is ameliorated by marine influences. Annual mean rainfall amounts to 2,000 mm.
- Wind direction changes seasonally: in the dry season the winds come in from the North West and in the wet season they come from the South East.
Source: Vietnam government
Phu Quoc Tourism
Total visitors to Phu Quoc:
- 2012: 313,581 tourists (92,880 foreigners | 220,701 Vietnamese)
- 2013: 416,353 tourists (94,018 foreigners | 322,335 Vietnamese)
- 2014: 586,034 tourists (128,391 foreigners | 457,643 Vietnamese)
- 2015: 980,000 tourists (100,000 foreigners | 800,000 Vietnamese
- 2016: 1,450,000 tourists (201,130 foreigners | 1,248,879 Vietnamese
Phu Quoc Island Wildlife Key Facts & Statistics
- Reefs and seagrass: The sea off Kien Giang is home to at least 89 hard coral species, 19 soft coral species, 125 species of coral-fishes, 132 species of mollusc and 62 seaweed species. Fringing coral reefs occur around almost all of the islands in the An Thoi area (Southern tip of Phu Quoc) and other locations around Phu Quoc. Patch reefs also exist in some shallow waters far from the islands.
- The sand and muddy shallow waters around the islands support development of sea-grass beds. These are common in the littoral and sub littoral areas of the northern part of Phu Quoc (from Rach Tram to Ganh Dau), along the East coast (from Mui Duong, Bai Thom, Xa Luc, Bai Bon, Ham Ninh, Bai Vong, Mui Chua Hamlets) and in the Southeast (An Thoi). Nine sea-grass species have been identified.
- Mangroves are well-developed along four small rivers of Phu Quoc and are backed by dense Melaleuca forest. These habitats support dugong, hawksbill and green turtle. Phu Quoc is one of the few sites in Vietnam where these species are observed.
- The waters around Phu Quoc islands are characterized by large areas of coastal ecosystems.
- According to preliminary surveys, coral reefs occupy about 600ha, sea-grass beds more than 12,000ha and mangroves 200ha. Source: UNU
- There are currently 108 species of corals, 135 species of coral reef fish, 3 types of migrating fish, 132 types of molluscan and 6 types of marine mammals living in Phu Quoc sea area.
Phu Quoc National Park
Phu Quoc National Park is located on Phu Quoc Island and covers nearly 50% of the 574 square kilometer territory. The national park consists of the following mountains:
- Mount Chua / Núi Chúa (603m)
- Mount Ham Rong / Núi Hàm Rồng (365m)
- Mount Go Quap / Núi Gò Quập (478m)
- Mount Da Bac / Núi Đá Bạc (448m)
- Mount Ham Ninh / Núi Hàm Ninh
- Mount Bai Dai / Núi Bãi Đại (200-250m)
- Mount Chao / Núi Chảo (379m)